Sindhu River Water Agreement In Hindi
The industrial river system includes three western rivers – the Indus, the Jhelum and the Chenab – and three eastern rivers — the Sutlej, the Beas and the Ravi rivers. In accordance with Article I of inland navigation, each river/affluent and its Attraction Basin of the Indus System of Rivers, which are not part of other five rivers, are part of the Indus River, including its streams, delta canals, connecting lakes, etc. Under this treaty, India`s eastern rivers are attributed to the exclusive use of water by water-consuming companies licensed in Pakistan before arriving in Pakistan. Similarly, Pakistan has exclusive use of water from western rivers after the permitted water consumption in India. Article IV, paragraph 14, of inland navigation stipulates that any water consumption developed from the underutilized waters of another country does not benefit from water use rights due to delays.  Most of the time, the treaty led to the division of streams instead of dividing their waters.  The water distribution contract between India and Pakistan, negotiated in 1960 by the World Bank to use the water available in the undue system of rivers originating in India, was again put in the spotlight, following New Delhi`s decision to stop the flow of its water from the three eastern rivers – Beas, and Ravi Sutlej – to Islamabad. Black also made the difference between the “functional” and “political” aspects of industrial litigation. In his correspondence with the Indian and Pakistani leaders, Mr. Black said that the most realistic thing would be to resolve the dispute over the undue if the functional aspects of the differences of opinion were negotiated in addition to political considerations. He introduced himself to a group that was looking at how best to use the waters of the Indus Basin, generating questions of historical rights or assignments out of the question. Black`s hopes of finding a quick solution to the Indus conflict were premature.
While the Bank expected the two sides to agree on the distribution of water, neither India nor Pakistan seemed willing to compromise their positions. While Pakistan had its historical right over the waters of all tributaries of the Indus and the risk of half of western Counjab by Desertification, the Indian side argued that the pre-distribution of water should not set a future allocation. Instead, the Indian side has established a new distribution base, with waters from western tributaries to Pakistan and eastern tributaries to India. The technical discussions on the substance that Mr. Schwarz hoped had been hampered by the political considerations he expected to avoid. Lilienthal`s idea was well received by World Bank officials (then the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development), and then by the Indian and Pakistani authorities. Eugene R. Black, then president of the World Bank, told Lilienthal that his proposal made “all its sense.” Black wrote that the Bank was interested in the economic progress of both countries and was concerned that the dispute over the industrials would be a serious handicap for this development. India`s previous objections to third-party arbitration were resolved by the bank`s insistence not to resolve the dispute, but to work as a channel for an agreement.  The waters of the western rivers – Indus, Jhelum and Chenab – with an average of about 135 MAFs were allocated to Pakistan, with the exception of “domestic, non-consuming and agricultural uses specified by India” in accordance with the treaty.