Unterschied Forward Rate Agreement Zinsswap
Forward swap`s can, theoretically, include multiple swaps. In other words, the two parties can agree to exchange cash flows at a pre-determined future date and then agree to another set of cash flow exchange for another date beyond the first swap date. For example, if an investor wants to hedge for a five-year duration beginning one year from today, this investor can enter into both a one-year-year and six-year swap, creating the forward swap that rer portfolio`s needs. With an FRA, you agree to pay a fixed rate, that`s it. With a swap, you pay fixed and receive float, for example. There are two sides to it, not just locking in a rate like with FRA. In the case of an interest swap, two partners agree to exchange different interest payments over a period of time, without transferring the underlying capital. Exchanges are limited to interest payments. The underlying capital amounts are not exchanged because they correspond to their amount. They are only used as a calculation for interest payments. Swap partners agree on interest payments resulting from a loan or investment with different interest rates.
Fixed interest rates are exchanged for variable rates. Variable interest is linked to a benchmark rate – understandable to all stakeholders – such as EURIBOR (European Borrowing Rate) or LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate), with an equivalent maturity, the duration of the interest rate setting period. In addition, interest rate swaps can be shown in all major currencies and in most unlisted currencies. The specifications of non-euro interest rate swaps differ in part and must be coordinated. Interest rate swaps are factually and legally independent of secure and self-sustaining transactions. However, to cover interest rate risks, they are combined with the basic transaction to be guaranteed. The distinction between swaps related to investment decisions (investment swap or asset swap) and swaps related to financing decisions CMLSML, true, but if you want to get a loan in 3 months and want to lock in a rate today, would you go for an FRA or for a swap? Even though from a profit/loss point of view they may be same, in reality, you will buy an FRA, not a swap. Another major diference is that FRAs are fixed in advance, paid in advance, while swaps are fixed in advance, paid in arrears. A forward swap, often called a deferred swap, is an agreement between two parties to exchange assets on a fixed date in the future.
Interest rate swaps are the most common type of a forward swap, though it could involve other financial instruments as well. Other names for a forward swap are `forward start swap` and `delayed start swap`. A forward rate agreement`s (FRA`s) effective description is a cash for difference derivative contract, between two parties, benchmarked against an interest rate index. That index is commonly an interbank offered rate (-IBOR) of specific tenor in different currencies, for example LIBOR in USD, GBP, EURIBOR in EUR or STIBOR in SEK. An FRA between two counterparties requires a fixed rate, notional amount, chosen interest rate index tenor and date to be completely specified.  Since the emergence of the swap market in the early 1980s, there has been a considerable increase in volumes, which has again seen a sharp increase since the mid-1990s and the introduction of the euro.