Arbitration Agreement Between Croatia And Slovenia
Kosor and Pahor met again in Zagreb on 26 October 2009 and drew up the final arbitration proposal. On 2 November 2009, the Croatian parliament approved the arbitration agreement with Slovenia. [Citation required] Among Slovenian citizens living on the left bank of the Dragonja River, Joko Joras, whose refusal to recognize a Croatian jurisdiction after the independence of the two countries, has led to numerous conflicts between Slovenia and Croatia since the early 1990s. Joras claims that it is preserved on the Slovenian territory occupied by Croatia; it has attracted a lot of local audiences, but not a lot of international attention.   Mr Sellal also said: “It must be understood that Croatia`s EU accession negotiations cannot be aimed at resolving bilateral issues between Croatia and Slovenia. I respect the Slovenian public, but during the accession negotiations I will try to avoid a possible imposition of the border. These negotiations are neutral in relation to bilateral and local relations between Slovenia and Croatia. French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner said he was surprised by Slovenia`s move to block Croatia because of the dispute over “a few kilometres of coastline.”  Veer`s Slovenian correspondent in Brussels, Darja Kocbek, expressed concern on the Razgledi portal that “Croatian lobbyists could be more successful than Slovenian lobbyists”.  Despite the agreement, the Slovenian government has not lifted the blockade of three chapters in the areas of environment, fisheries and foreign and defence policy. Slovenian Foreign Minister Samuel Ebogar said in December 2009 that his government had “reservations” about the substance of the three chapters.  December 11, 2019, Advocate General Priit Pikame gave his opinion and recommended that the European Court of Justice (ECJ) declare that it had no authority to rule on the long-standing border dispute between Slovenia and Croatia in violation of the EU procedure, which the Court of Justice approved in the judgment of 31 January 2020. The Commission, with the help of Sweden, played an important role in the implementation of the arbitration agreement between Croatia and Slovenia, signed in Stockholm on 4 November 2009, which seeks to resolve the border dispute between the two countries. The agreement established an arbitration tribunal to settle the border dispute and the administrative and technical work of this tribunal is carried out by the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague.
With respect to the Mura River region, the Tribunal found that the international border generally followed the concerted land borders. With regard to the hamlet of Brezovec-del/Murié, the Tribunal found that the border between Croatia and Slovenia is in the south-east of the colony. In the regions of Novakovec, Ferketinec and Podturen in Croatia and Pince in Slovenia, the border continues to follow the borders of the registers of Croatia and Slovenia, which were before the so-called transformations of 1956. With regard to Mursko Sredié and Peklenica, the court found that the border is located in the centre of the Mura River, as indicated in the 1956 protocol on the determination of the boundaries of the Peklenica land registry district.  Slovenia also claims the right of access to international waters; Slovenia supports this right to free access to international waters, even though it belongs to a part of Yugoslavia.