Wto Agreement On Services
Derogations from the MFN (annex to Article 2) Work on this subject began in 2000. When the GATS came into force in 1995, members had a unique opportunity to depart from the principle of non-discrimination of members` trading partners. The extent to which the exemption was taken is described in a members` MFN exemption list, which indicates which member is most favourable and how long it will last. In principle, these exceptions should not last more than ten years. As required by the GATS, all of these exemptions are being reviewed to see if the conditions that created the need for these exemptions are still being met. And in any case, they are part of the ongoing negotiations on services. More information on WTO services is available on the WTO website. National Treatment (Article XVII) In areas where a member makes commitments in its timetable, each WTO member is required to give national treatment to service providers in other Member States. This means that the treatment should not be less favourable than the treatment given by the government to its own services and service providers. The GATS agreement includes four types of procurement of international trade services: Air services Currently, most air traffic rights and services directly related to traffic rights are excluded from GATS coverage. However, the GATS requires a review of this situation by members. The review, which began in early 2000, aims to determine whether additional air services should be covered by the GATS.
The revision could lead to clean negotiations, which could lead to a change in the GATS itself by integrating new services into the coverage area and incorporating specific obligations for these new services into national flight plans. Work on national regulation (Article 6.4) in 1995 began with the definition of disciplines for national regulations, i.e. the requirements that foreign service providers must meet in order to operate in a market. The focus is on qualification requirements and procedures, technical standards and licensing requirements. Until December 1998, members had agreed on national rules for the accounting sector. Since then, members have developed general disciplines for all professional services and, if necessary, additional sectoral disciplines. All agreed disciplines will be integrated into the GATS and will become legally binding until the end of the ongoing services negotiations. The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) came into force in January 1995 following the Uruguay Round negotiations to extend the multilateral trading system to services. Evaluation of Trade in Services (Article 19) Preparatory work on this topic began in early 1999. The GATS requires members to assess trade in services, including the GATS objective of increasing developing countries` participation in trade in services. The negotiating guidelines confirm this, so negotiations must be adapted in response to the evaluation. Members generally recognized that a lack of statistical information and other methodological problems make it impossible to implement an evaluation based on complete data.
However, they continue their discussions using several documents prepared by the Secretariat. Recognition When two (or more) governments have agreements that recognize each other`s qualifications (. B for example, licensing or certification of service providers), GATS states that other members must also have the opportunity to negotiate similar pacts.